COMPOSERS OF THE FIRST VIENNESE SCHOOL

Daniel specializes in performing the music of the First Viennese School, the works of four composers: Joseph Haydn, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig van Beethoven, and Franz Schubert.

Often referred to as Viennese Classicism (German: Wiener Klassik), this period existed roughly between 1750 and 1828.

Joseph Haydn was the link between the Baroque and Classical eras. “Papa” Haydn's innovations shaped Viennese Classicism.

The name Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart is synonymous with classical music. A musical genius from childhood, his music was the perfection of the classical style.

Beethoven revolutionized the musical conventions of the day. The gravitas of his music stunned contemporaries and opened the door to the Romantic era.

Franz Schubert is the only member of this list who was from Vienna. An early Romantic, Viennese Classicism concluded with him.

 

WHAT IS CLASSICAL MUSIC?

Classical music is a term to describe a wide range of Western music from the middle ages to the modern day. It includes: the Renaissance, Baroque, Classical, Romantic, 20th Century, and Contemporary eras. Viennese Classicism falls into the Classical era; however, compositions by Beethoven and Schubert bridge to the Romantic era.


WHAT IS THE CLASSICAL ERA?

The Classical era was a period in Western music history from approximately 1750 - 1830. The era was shaped by many cultural movements — such as the Age of Enlightenment and the French Revolution — and was defined by a revival of the Greco-Roman ideals of balance, order, harmony, and restraint.


WHAT IS VIENNESE CLASSICISM?

Viennese classicism (German: Wiener Klassik) is a term referring to a location-specific movement within the classical era. The term is relatively interchangeable with the First Viennese School.

It was a movement shaped and influenced by the the Habsburg monarchs and other wealthy patrons in Vienna. These benefactors supported the arts, creating an artistic center that attracted Europe's top musicians. This period is why Vienna is still considered the capital of classical music.


WHAT IS THE FIRST VIENNESE SCHOOL?

The First Viennese School refers to the works of four composers who lived in and around Vienna: Joseph Haydn, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig van Beethoven, and Franz Schubert.